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Spain

From 2017  to  2023

Objectives/aims:

 

1.- Integrate a gender perspective into the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts and of peacebuilding.

 

2.- Ensure the significant participation of women in the processes of adopting decisions regarding conflict prevention, management, and resolution.

 

3.- Guarantee the protection of and respect for the human rights of women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations.

 

4.- Effectively mainstream the gender perspective into the definition of specific measures on reparation and recovery involving the victims of conflicts.

 

Commentary:

Spain experienced a long-lasting internal conflict with ETA, resulting in hundreds of casualties. ETA was an armed separatist organization founded in1959, with the objective to establish an independent Basque State. In 2011 ETA announced a unilateral ceasefire and in 2018 the organisation disbanded.

 

Civil Society:

According to the LSE Centre for Women, Peace and Security, civil society involvement was clearly defined in Spain’s NAP: civil society is involved in the preparation, monitoring and implementation of the Plan.

 

Women in Peacekeeping:

Spain is a contributing donor to the The Women’s Peace and Humanitarian Fund, a global partnership that works to empower women in conflict zones and humanitarian crises. Spain is also a partner of the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies, a multi-stakeholder initiative that aims to mitigate and provide accountability for gender-based violence in humanitarian emergencies.

 

UN Peacekeeping Statistics

 

Contingent:   37 out of 766

Experts: 0 out of 5

Police: 0 out of 5  

Staff Officers:  2 out of 21

Sources

1. Spain NAP                            

2. UN - Peacekeeping Contributions      

3. PeaceWomen    

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