Montenegro adopted their second National Action Plan in 2019 for the 2019-2022 period.
Objectives/Aims of the 2019-2022 NAP:
The NAP’s defined commitments cover three key priorities:
- Increasing women’s participation in decision-making and peacekeeping processes;
- Protection of women and girls in conflict zones
- Gender mainstreaming and gender education in peace-keeping operations
This second NAP reflects on the country’s first NAP, acknowledging that 75% of activities outlined were implemented. As a result of their first NAP, the number of women participating in peacekeeping missions and in senior positions in the security sector increased. However, the NAP recognises that there is a long way to go. It also highlights the problem of human trafficking, a specific issue for Montenegro as a common intermediary country.
This NAP addresses issues identified through a comprehensive plan with specific actionable items and a thorough monitoring and evaluation mechanism. It also aims to include women in both the domestic and international security sector as active participants in the military, police force, and judiciary, a positive step in achieving the WPS agenda.
Civil Society engagement in development of the NAP:
The introduction to the NAP acknowledges the involvement of non-governmental organisations in the implementation of the Plan, but provides no further details.
There is an Intersectoral Working Group for Development and Monitoring the implementation of the Programme from the Action Plan for the Implementation of UNSCR 1325. It is not clear if civil society are involved in this group.
UN Peacekeeping Statistics:
Montenegro is currently contributing 6 Peacekeeping Personnel.
1 of 1 Experts on Mission contributed is female.
3 of 5 Individual police Officers are female.
Women in Peacekeeping:
As above, Montenegro is contributing more female peacekeepers than male peacekeepers.
It is notable that from 2010 to 2019, a total of nine women participated in international missions and operations. In 2020 alone, 7 women participated, and in 2023, 6 women participated. This demonstrates a real improvement in the participation of women in peacekeeping since the adoption of the first NAP.
References and Sources:
Montenegro National Action Plan 2019-2022: Montenegro-second-NAP.pdf (wpsfocalpointsnetwork.org)
Contribution of Uniformed Personnel to UN by Country and Personnel Type (as of 30/11/2023): 05-Missions Detailed By Country
Uniformed Personnel Contributing Countries by Ranking (as of 30/11/2023): 02-Contributions by Country (Ranking)