Glossary & Further Reading

Recommended further reading

General References for those wishing to broaden their knowledge of Women, Peace and Security and existing research on women in the security sector.

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General Reference Categories

  1. Military
  2. Policing
  3. Peacekeeping
  4. Security Policy
  5. Gender and the Workplace

1. Military

Addis, E. V., Russo E. V., & Sebesta, L. (Eds.). (1994). Women Soldiers: Images and Realities. St Martin's Press.

Basini, H., S., A. (2013). Gender Mainstreaming Unraveled: The Case of DDRR in Liberia. International Interactions, 39(4), 535-557.

Carlton-Ford, S. & Ender, M., G. Eds. (2011). The Routledge Handbook of War and Society: Iraq and Afghanistan. Routledge.

Carreiras, H. (2006). Gender and the Military: Women in the Armed Forces of Western Democracies. Routledge.

Caprioli, M., & Trumbore, P., F. (2003). Identifying 'Rouge' States and Testing their Interstate Conflict Behaviour. European Journal of International Relations, 9(3), 377-406.

Chenoweth, E., & Lawrence, A. (Eds.). (2010). Rethinking Violence: States and Non-State Actors in Conflict. MIT Press.

Cock, J. (1987). Keeping the fires burning: Militarisation and the politics of gender in South Africa, Review of African Political Economy, 16(45-46), 50-64.

Cock, J. (1991). Colonels and Cadres: War and Gender in South Africa. Oxford University Press.

Cock, J. (1994). Women and the Military: Implications for Demilitarisation in the1990s in South Africa. Gender & Society, 8(2), 152-169.

Cock, J.(1995). Forging a New Army out of Old Enemies: Women in the South African Military. Women's Studies Quarterly, 23(3), 97-111.

Coulter, C., Persson, M., & Utas, M. (2008). Young Female Fighters in African Wars: Conflict and its Consequences. The Nordic Africa Institute.

Dansby, R. R., Stewart, J. B., & Webb, S. C. (2001). Managing diversity in the military. Research perspectives from the Defence Equal Opportunity Management Institute. Routledge.

Oudraat, d., J., C. (2011). Women and war: Power and Protection in the 21st century. US Institute of Peace Press.

DeGroot, G., J. & Peniston-Bird, C. (Eds.) (2000). A Soldier and a Woman: sexual integration in the Military. Women and Men in History. Longman.

Duncanson C. (2013) Can Soldiers Ever Be Used to Achieve Peace? Feminists Debate Military Intervention. In C. Duncanson (Eds.), Forces for Good?. Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies (1st ed., 18-51). Palgrave Macmillan.

Duncanson, C. (2015). Gender Integration in NATO Military Forces: Cross National Analysis. Gender & Development, 23(1), 179-181.

Duncanson, C. and R. Woodward (2016). Regendering the military: Theorizing women's military participation. Security Dialogue, 47(1),

Egnell, R. (2014). Gender, military effectiveness and organisational change; the Swedish model. Palgrave MacMillan.

Eisenstein, Z. (2007). Sexual Decoys: Gender, Race and War in Imperial Democracy. Zed Books.

Enloe, C. (2000). Maneuvers: the international politics of militarising women's lives. University of California Press.

Enloe, C., H. (2007). Globalization and Militarism: Feminists Make the Link. Rowman & Littlefield.

Goldstein, J,. S. (2001). War and gender: how gender shapes the war system and vice versa. Cambridge University Press.

Heinecken, L. (2013). Insights on the Emerging Tensions of Including Women in the Military: Lessons from South Africa. Africa Peace and Conflict, 6(1), 92-96.

Heinecken, L. (2014). Outsourcing public security: The unforeseen consequences for the military profession. Armed Forces & Society, 40(4), 625-646.

Heinecken, L. (2016). Conceptualizing the Tensions Evoked by Gender Integration in the Military. Armed Forces &Society.

Heinecken, L., & Waag-Cowling, d., V., N. (2009). The politics of race and gender in the South African Armed Forces: Issues, challenges, lessons. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 47(4), pp. 517-53. 10.1080/14662040903375414

Hendricks, C., & Hutton, L. (2008). Defence reform and gender. Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces.

Herbert, M. (1998). Camouflage isn't only for combat: Gender, Sexuality and Women in the Military. New York. New York University Press.

Holmes, R. (1985). Acts of War. Free Press.

Katzenstein, M., F. & Reppy, J. (1999). Beyond zero tolerance: discrimination in military culture. Rowman and Littlefield.

Kronsell, A. (2012) Gender, Sex and the Postnational Defense: Militarism and Peacekeeping. Oxford University Press.

Kronsell, A., & Svedberg, E. (2001). The Duty to Protect: Gender in the Swedish practice of conscription. Cooperation and Conflict, 36(3), 153-76.

Kronsell, A., & Svedberg, E. (Eds.). (2011). Making Gender, Making War: violence, military and peacekeeping practices. Routledge.

MacKenzie, M. (2015). Beyond the Band of Brothers: the US Military and the Myth that Women can't fight. Cambridge University Press.

Malesevic, S. (2010). The Sociology of War and Violence. Cambridge University Press.

Mike, C. (2015). Women in Combat Arms: Just Good Business. War on the Rocks.

Parpart, J., L & Zalewski, M. (2013). Rethinking the Man Question: Sex, Gender, and Violence in International Relations. Zed Books.

Reivich, K., J., Seligman, M., E., & McBride, S. (2011). Master resilience training in the US Army. American Psychologist, 66(1), 25-34. DOI:10.1037/a0021897

Ruane, K. (2000). The Vietnam Wars. Manchester University Press.

Sjoberg, L. (2013). Gendering global conflict: toward a feminist theory of war. Columbia University Press.

Sjoberg, L. (2014). Gender, War, and Conflict. John Wiley & Sons.

Smith, M. (2015). A Clash of Cultures: Exploring the perceptions and experiences of South African youth towards the military as an employer of choice. [Thesis MA], Stellenbosch University.

Smith, M., & Heinecken, L., (2014). Factors influencing military recruitment in South Africa: the voices of Cape Town high school learners. African Security Review, 23(2), 102-116.10.1080/10246029.2014.902388

Stafford, R., J., & Thornhill, W., M., (2012). The Army Learning Model: Changing the Way Sustainers Train. Army Sustainment 44(2).

Stur, H., M. (2011). Beyond Combat: Women and Gender in the Vietnam War Era. Cambridge University Press.

Summers, A., L. (2011). A theoretical analysis of leadership style preferences among Millennial Generation company-grade Army officers. University of Maryland University College.

Sutton, B., Morgen, S., & Novkov, J., (Eds.). (2008). Security Disarmed: Critical Perspectives on Gender, Race, and Militarization. Rutgers University Press.

True, J. (2010). The Political Economy of Violence Against Women: A Feminist International Relations Perspective. Australian Feminist Law Journal, 32(1), 39-59.

Woodward, R., & Duncanson, C. (2016). Gendered divisions of military labour in the British armed forces. Defence Studies 16, 205-228.

Woodward, R., & Winter, T., (2007). Sexing the Soldier: the politics of gender and the contemporary British Army. Routledge.

2. Policing

Balko, R. (2014). The Rise of the Warrior Cop: the Militarisation of America's police forces. Perseus Books Group.

Brown, J. (1997). Equal Opportunities and the Police in England and Wales: Past, Present and Future Possibilities. In P, Davies., V., Jupp. (eds.), Policing Futures (pp. 20-50). Springer.

Gibbs, J., C., Ruiz, J., & Klapper-Lehman, S., A. (2015). Sugar and spice and a badge and a gun A cross-national descriptive comparison of women's involvement in policing. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 17(3), 155-163.

INTERPOL, UN Women & UNODC (2020). Women in Law Enforcement in the ASEAN Region.

Jackson, L., A. (2006). Women Police: Gender, Welfare and Surveillance in the Twentieth Century, Manchester University Press.

3. Peacekeeping

Bellamy, A., J & P. Williams, D. (Eds.). (2013). Providing Peacekeepers: The politics, challenges and future of United Nations Peacekeeping Contributions. Oxford University Press.

Cohn, C. (2012). Women and wars: Contested histories, uncertain futures. John Wiley & Sons.

Ellerby, K. (2013). (En)gendered Security? The Complexities of Women's Inclusion in Peace Processes. International Interactions, 39(4), 435-460.

Gizelis, T. and Pierre, N., A. (2013). Gender Equality and Postconflict Reconstruction: What Do We Need to Know in Order to Make Gender Mainstreaming Work?. International Interactions, 39(4), 601-611.

Heathcote, G. & Otto, D. (2014). Rethinking peacekeeping, gender equality and collective security. Palgrave Macmillan.

Jenkins, R. (2013). Peacebuilding: from concept to commission. Routledge.

Karim, S., & Beardsley, K., (2013). Female Peacekeepers and Gender Balancing: Token Gestures or Informed Policymaking? International Interactions, 39(4), 461-488.

Kohl, C. (2015). Diverging Expectations and Perceptions of Peacebuilding? Local Owners’ and External Actors’ Interactions in Guinea-Bissau's Security Sector Reforms. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 9(3), 334-352.

Mazurana, D., (2005). Gender, Conflict and Peacekeeping. Rowman and Littlefield.

Nordas, R., & Rustad, S., C., A. (2013). Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers: Understanding Variation. International Interactions, 39(4), 511-534.

Olsson, L., & Moller, F. (2013). Data on Women's Participation in UN, EU, and OSCE Field Missions: Trends, Possibilities, and Problems. International Interactions, 39(4), 587-600.

Pankhurst, D., Ed. (2008). Gendered Peace: Women's Struggles for Post-War Justice and Reconciliation, UNRISD.

Southern African Development Community (SADC). (2008). Protocol on Gender and Development. Retieved from SADC:

Whitworth, S. (2004). Men, Militarism and UN Peacekeeping. Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Wilen, N. (2020). Female peacekeepers' added burden. International Affairs, 96(6), 1585-1602.

Wilen, N., & Heinecken, L. (2016). Peacekeeping deployment abroad and the self-perceptions of the effect on career advancement, status and reintegration. International Peacekeeping, 24(2), 1-18.

4. Policy & Security

Albrecht, P., & Barnes, K. (2008). National Security Policy-Making and Gender, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. Retrieved from ODIHR, UN-INSTRAW, DCAF:

Anderlini, S., N., & Conaway, P., C. (2004). Negotiating the Transition to Democracy and Reforming the Security Sector: The Vital Contributions of South African Women, Women Waging Peace Policy Commission. Retrieved from Inclusive Security:

Blanchard, E., M. (2003). Gender, international relations, and the development of feminist security theory. Signs, 28(4), 1289-1312.

Boyd, R., (Eds.). (2014). The Search for Lasting Peace: Critical Perspectives on Gender-responsive Human Security. Ashgate Publishing.

Cockburn, C., & Zarkov, D. (2002). The post war moment: militaries, masculinities and international peacekeeping: Bosnia and the Netherlands. Lawrence & Wishart.

Demmers, J. (2012). Theories of Violent Conflict: an Introduction. Routledge.

Dixon, P., (Eds.). (2012). The British Approach to Counterinsurgency: From Malaya and Northern Ireland to Iraq and Afghanistan. Palgrave MacMillan.

Hendricks, C. (2011). Gender and security in Africa: An overview. Retrieved from The Nordic Africa Institute:

Hudson, H. (2005). Doing security as though humans matter: a feminist perspective on gender and the politics of human security. Security Dialogue 36(2), 155-174.

Hudson, V., M., Ballif-Spanvill, B., Caprioli, M., & Emmett, C., F. (2012). Sex and world peace. Columbia University Press.

Miller, B., Pournik, M., & Swaine, A. (2014). Women in Peace and Security through United Nations Security Resolution 1325: Literature Review, Content Analysis of National Action Plans, and Implementation. Retrieved from Institute for Global and International Studies, George Washington University: /igis_womeninpeaceandsecuritythroughunsr1325_millerpournikswaine_2014.pdf

Olsson, L., & Gizelis, TI. (2013). An Introduction to UNSCR 1325. International Interactions, 39(4), 425-434.

Runyan, A., S., & Peterson, V., S. (2014). Global gender issues in the new millennium. Taylor and Francis.

Satterthwaite, M., L., & Huckerby, J., C. (Eds.). (2013). Gender, National Security, and Counter-Terrorism: Human Rights Perspectives. Routledge.

Sjoberg, L. (2009). Introduction to security studies: Feminist contributions. Security Studies 18(2), 183-213.

Sjoberg, L. (Eds.). (2010). Gender and International Security: Feminist Perspectives. Critical Security Studies Series. Routledge.

Tickner, J., A. (1992). Gender in International Relations: Feminist Perspectives on achieving global security. Columbia University Press.

Tickner, J., & Sjoberg, L. (2011). Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present and Future. Routledge.

Valasek, K. (2008). Gender and Democratic Security Governance. Public Oversight of the Security Sector: A Handbook for Civil Society Organizations. Retrieved from DCAF & UNDP:

Wibben, A. (2011). Feminist Security Studies: a narrative approach. Routledge.

Willett, S. (2010). Introduction: Security Council Resolution 1325: assessing the impact on women, peace and security. International Peacekeeping 17(2), 142-158.

Williams, P., D. (2012). Security Studies: an introduction. Routledge.

5. Gender and the Workplace

Shafritz, J., Ott, S., & Jang, Y., S. (1992). Classics of Organization Theory. Cengage Learning.

Columbia Engineering (n.d.). Coding Resources for Women at Every Stage of their Career. (US Source)

Odierno, G., R., T. (2015). Leader Development and Talent Management. Military Review.

Pletzer, J., L., Nikolova, R., Kedzior, K., K., & Voelpel, S., C. (2015). Does Gender Matter? Female Representation on Corporate Boards and Firm Financial Performance-A Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE, 10(6).

Rhode, D., L. & Packel, A., K. (2014). Diversity on corporate boards: How much difference does difference make. Delaware Journal of Corporate Law, 39(2), 377-426.

Schjolset, A. (2013). Data on Women's Participation in NATO Forces and Operations. International Interactions, 39(4):575-587.

Seierstad, C., & Opsahl, T. (2011). For the few not the many? The effects of affirmative action on presence, prominence, and social capital of women directors in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 27(1), 44-54.

Sheehan, M. (2005). International Security: an Analytical Survey. Lynne Rienner Publications.

Torchia, M., & Calabro, A., & Huse, M. (2011). Women directors on corporate boards: From tokenism to critical mass. Journal of Business Ethics, 102(2), 299-317.DOI: 10.1007/s10551-011-0815-z

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