Glossary & Further Reading
AU – African Union
BPfA – Beijing Platform for Action
CEDAW – Convention for the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
CRC – Convention on the Rights of the Child
CSO – Civil Society Organisation
DDR – Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration
FGM – Female Genital Mutilation
GBSV – Gender Based Sexual Violence
GBV – Gender Based Violence
GPS – Gender, Peace and Security
NAP – National Action Plan
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NGO – Non-Governmental Organisation
OECD – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
PK – Peace Keeping
PKO – Peace Keeping Operation
SEA – Sexual Exploitation and Abuse
SGBV – Sexual Gender Based Violence
UN – United Nations
UNDP – United Nations Development Programme
UNSCR – United Nations Security Council Resolution
VAW – Violence Against Women
WPS - Women, Peace and Security
YPS – Youth, Peace and Security
References for further reading
A plethora of research has been conducted into women's involvement in all spheres related to gender, peace and security. For those interested in this area of research, many insightful references are listed below.
- War & Military
- Policy & Security
- Gender and the Workplace
1. War & Military
Addis, E. V., Russo E. V., & Sebesta, L. (Eds.). (1994). Women Soldiers: Images and Realities. St Martin's Press.
Baker, M. (1982). Nam: The Vietnam War in the Words of the Men and Women who fought there. Morrow.
Balko, R. (2014). The Rise of the Warrior Cop: the Militarisation of America's police forces. Perseus Books Group.
Basini, H., S., A. (2013). Gender Mainstreaming Unraveled: The Case of DDRR in Liberia. International Interactions, 39(4), 535-557.https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805129
Bayblis, J., Wirtz, J., & Gray, C. (2018). Strategy in the Contemporary World. Oxford.
Benmelech, E., & C. Frydman (2014). Military CEOs. Journal of Financial Economics, 117(1), 43-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2014.04.009
Carlton-Ford, S. & Ender, M., G. Eds. (2011). The Routledge Handbook of War and Society: Iraq and Afghanistan. Routledge.
Carreiras, H. (2006). Gender and the Military: Women in the Armed Forces of Western Democracies. Routledge.
Caprioli, M., & Trumbore, P., F. (2003). Identifying 'Rouge' States and Testing their Interstate Conflict Behaviour. European Journal of International Relations, 9(3), 377-406. https://doi.org/10.1177/13540661030093002
Chenoweth, E., & Lawrence, A. (Eds.). (2010). Rethinking Violence: States and Non-State Actors in Conflict. MIT Press.
Cock, J. (1987). Keeping the fires burning: Militarisation and the politics of gender in South Africa, Review of African Political Economy, 16(45-46), 50-64. https://doi.org/10.1080/03056248908703825
Cock, J. (1991). Colonels and Cadres: War and Gender in South Africa. Oxford University Press.
Cock, J. (1994). Women and the Military: Implications for Demilitarisation in the1990s in South Africa. Gender & Society, 8(2), 152-169. https://doi.org/10.1177/089124394008002002
Cock, J.(1995). Forging a New Army out of Old Enemies: Women in the South African Military. Women's Studies Quarterly, 23(3), 97-111. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40003504
Coulter, C., Persson, M., & Utas, M. (2008). Young Female Fighters in African Wars: Conflict and its Consequences. The Nordic Africa Institute.
Dansby, R. R., Stewart, J. B., & Webb, S. C. (2001). Managing diversity in the military. Research perspectives from the Defence Equal Opportunity Management Institute. Routledge.
Oudraat, d., J., C. (2011). Women and war: Power and Protection in the 21st century. US Institute of Peace Press.
DeGroot, G., J. & Peniston-Bird, C. (Eds.) (2000). A Soldier and a Woman: sexual integration in the Military. Women and Men in History. Longman.
Duncanson C. (2013) Can Soldiers Ever Be Used to Achieve Peace? Feminists Debate Military Intervention. In C. Duncanson (Eds.), Forces for Good?. Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies (1st ed., 18-51). Palgrave Macmillan.
Duncanson, C. (2015). Gender Integration in NATO Military Forces: Cross National Analysis. Gender & Development, 23(1), 179-181.https://doi.org/10.1080/13552074.2015.1013333
Duncanson, C. and R. Woodward (2016). Regendering the military: Theorizing women's military participation. Security Dialogue, 47(1), https://doi.org/10.1177/0967010615614137
Egnell, R. (2014). Gender, military effectiveness and organisational change; the Swedish model. Palgrave MacMillan.
Eisenstein, Z. (2007). Sexual Decoys: Gender, Race and War in Imperial Democracy. Zed Books.
Enloe, C. (2000). Maneuvers: the international politics of militarising women's lives. University of California Press.
Enloe, C., H. (2007). Globalization and Militarism: Feminists Make the Link. Rowman & Littlefield.
Goldstein, J,. S. (2001). War and gender: how gender shapes the war system and vice versa. Cambridge University Press.
Heinecken, L. (2013). Insights on the Emerging Tensions of Including Women in the Military: Lessons from South Africa. Africa Peace and Conflict, 6(1), 92-96. https://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/90434?show=full
Heinecken, L. (2014). Outsourcing public security: The unforeseen consequences for the military profession. Armed Forces & Society, 40(4), 625-646.https://doi.org/10.1177/0095327X13489974
Heinecken, L. (2016). Conceptualizing the Tensions Evoked by Gender Integration in the Military. Armed Forces &Society.https://doi.org/10.1177/0095327X16670692
Heinecken, L., & Waag-Cowling, d., V., N. (2009). The politics of race and gender in the South African Armed Forces: Issues, challenges, lessons. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 47(4), pp. 517-53. 10.1080/14662040903375414
Hendricks, C., & Hutton, L. (2008). Defence reform and gender. Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. https://www.dcaf.ch/defence-reform-and-gender-tool-3
Herbert, M. (1998). Camouflage isn't only for combat: Gender, Sexuality and Women in the Military. New York. New York University Press.
Holmes, R. (1985). Acts of War. Free Press.
Katzenstein, M., F. & Reppy, J. (1999). Beyond zero tolerance: discrimination in military culture. Rowman and Littlefield.
Kronsell, A. (2012) Gender, Sex and the Postnational Defense: Militarism and Peacekeeping. Oxford University Press.
Kronsell, A., & Svedberg, E. (2001). The Duty to Protect: Gender in the Swedish practice of conscription. Cooperation and Conflict, 36(3), 153-76. https://doi.org/10.1177/001083601400422379
Kronsell, A., & Svedberg, E. (Eds.). (2011). Making Gender, Making War: violence, military and peacekeeping practices. Routledge.
MacKenzie, M. (2015). Beyond the Band of Brothers: the US Military and the Myth that Women can't fight. Cambridge University Press.
Malesevic, S. (2010). The Sociology of War and Violence. Cambridge University Press.
Mike, C. (2015). Women in Combat Arms: Just Good Business. War on the Rocks. https://warontherocks.com/2015/02/women-in-combat-arms-just-good-business/
Parpart, J., L & Zalewski, M. (2013). Rethinking the Man Question: Sex, Gender, and Violence in International Relations. Zed Books.
Reivich, K., J., Seligman, M., E., & McBride, S. (2011). Master resilience training in the US Army. American Psychologist, 66(1), 25-34. DOI:10.1037/a0021897
Ruane, K. (2000). The Vietnam Wars. Manchester University Press.
Sjoberg, L. (2013). Gendering global conflict: toward a feminist theory of war. Columbia University Press.
Sjoberg, L. (2014). Gender, War, and Conflict. John Wiley & Sons.
Smith, M. (2015). A Clash of Cultures: Exploring the perceptions and experiences of South African youth towards the military as an employer of choice. [Thesis MA], Stellenbosch University. https://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/96851
Smith, M., & Heinecken, L., (2014). Factors influencing military recruitment in South Africa: the voices of Cape Town high school learners. African Security Review, 23(2), 102-116.10.1080/10246029.2014.902388
Stafford, R., J., & Thornhill, W., M., (2012). The Army Learning Model: Changing the Way Sustainers Train. Army Sustainment 44(2). https://alu.army.mil/alog/issues/MarApril12/Army_Leaning_Model.html
Stur, H., M. (2011). Beyond Combat: Women and Gender in the Vietnam War Era. Cambridge University Press.
Summers, A., L. (2011). A theoretical analysis of leadership style preferences among Millennial Generation company-grade Army officers. University of Maryland University College.
Sutton, B., Morgen, S., & Novkov, J., (Eds.). (2008). Security Disarmed: Critical Perspectives on Gender, Race, and Militarization. Rutgers University Press.
True, J. (2010). The Political Economy of Violence Against Women: A Feminist International Relations Perspective. Australian Feminist Law Journal, 32(1), 39-59. https://doi.org/10.1080/13200968.2010.10854436
Woodward, R., & Duncanson, C. (2016). Gendered divisions of military labour in the British armed forces. Defence Studies 16, 205-228.https://doi.org/10.1080/14702436.2016.1180958
Woodward, R., & Winter, T., (2007). Sexing the Soldier: the politics of gender and the contemporary British Army. Routledge.
Brown, J. (1997). Equal Opportunities and the Police in England and Wales: Past, Present and Future Possibilities. In P, Davies., V., Jupp. (eds.), Policing Futures (pp. 20-50). Springer.
Gibbs, J., C., Ruiz, J., & Klapper-Lehman, S., A. (2015). Sugar and spice and a badge and a gun A cross-national descriptive comparison of women's involvement in policing. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 17(3), 155-163. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461355715596308
INTERPOL, UN Women & UNODC (2020). Women in Law Enforcement in the ASEAN Region.https://asiapacific.unwomen.org/-/media/field%20office%20eseasia/docs/publications/2020/08/women%20in%20law%20enforcement%20in%20the%20asean%20region%20full.pdf?la=en&vs=332
Jackson, L., A. (2006). Women Police: Gender, Welfare and Surveillance in the Twentieth Century, Manchester University Press.
Bellamy, A., J & P. Williams, D. (Eds.). (2013). Providing Peacekeepers: The politics, challenges and future of United Nations Peacekeeping Contributions. Oxford University Press.
Cohn, C. (2012). Women and wars: Contested histories, uncertain futures. John Wiley & Sons.
Ellerby, K. (2013). (En)gendered Security? The Complexities of Women's Inclusion in Peace Processes. International Interactions, 39(4), 435-460.https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805130
Gizelis, T. and Pierre, N., A. (2013). Gender Equality and Postconflict Reconstruction: What Do We Need to Know in Order to Make Gender Mainstreaming Work?. International Interactions, 39(4), 601-611. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805324
Heathcote, G. & Otto, D. (2014). Rethinking peacekeeping, gender equality and collective security. Palgrave Macmillan.
Jenkins, R. (2013). Peacebuilding: from concept to commission. Routledge.
Karim, S., & Beardsley, K., (2013). Female Peacekeepers and Gender Balancing: Token Gestures or Informed Policymaking? International Interactions, 39(4), 461-488. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805131
Kohl, C. (2015). Diverging Expectations and Perceptions of Peacebuilding? Local Owners’ and External Actors’ Interactions in Guinea-Bissau's Security Sector Reforms. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 9(3), 334-352. https://doi.org/10.1080/17502977.2015.1070023
Mazurana, D., (2005). Gender, Conflict and Peacekeeping. Rowman and Littlefield.
Nordas, R., & Rustad, S., C., A. (2013). Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers: Understanding Variation. International Interactions, 39(4), 511-534. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805128
Olsson, L., & Moller, F. (2013). Data on Women's Participation in UN, EU, and OSCE Field Missions: Trends, Possibilities, and Problems. International Interactions, 39(4), 587-600. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805325
Pankhurst, D., Ed. (2008). Gendered Peace: Women's Struggles for Post-War Justice and Reconciliation, UNRISD. https://www.unrisd.org/80256B3C005BCCF9/(httpPublications)/B3DB4EA5C021BFC4C12573AD004E7B66?OpenDocument
Southern African Development Community (SADC). (2008). Protocol on Gender and Development. Retieved from SADC: https://www.sadc.int/files/8713/5292/8364/Protocol_on_Gender_and_Development_2008.pdf
Whitworth, S. (2004). Men, Militarism and UN Peacekeeping. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Wilen, N. (2020). Female peacekeepers' added burden. International Affairs, 96(6), 1585-1602.https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiaa132
Wilen, N., & Heinecken, L. (2016). Peacekeeping deployment abroad and the self-perceptions of the effect on career advancement, status and reintegration. International Peacekeeping, 24(2), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/13533312.2016.1215247
4. Policy & Security
Albrecht, P., & Barnes, K. (2008). National Security Policy-Making and Gender, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. Retrieved from ODIHR, UN-INSTRAW, DCAF: https://www.dcaf.ch/sites/default/files/publications/documents/tool_8.pdf
Anderlini, S., N., & Conaway, P., C. (2004). Negotiating the Transition to Democracy and Reforming the Security Sector: The Vital Contributions of South African Women, Women Waging Peace Policy Commission. Retrieved from Inclusive Security: https://www.inclusivesecurity.org/publication/negotiating-the-transition-to-democracy-and-reforming-the-security-sector-the-vital-contributions-of-south-african-women/
Blanchard, E., M. (2003). Gender, international relations, and the development of feminist security theory. Signs, 28(4), 1289-1312. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/368328
Boyd, R., (Eds.). (2014). The Search for Lasting Peace: Critical Perspectives on Gender-responsive Human Security. Ashgate Publishing.
Cockburn, C., & Zarkov, D. (2002). The post war moment: militaries, masculinities and international peacekeeping: Bosnia and the Netherlands. Lawrence & Wishart.
Demmers, J. (2012). Theories of Violent Conflict: an Introduction. Routledge.
Dixon, P., (Eds.). (2012). The British Approach to Counterinsurgency: From Malaya and Northern Ireland to Iraq and Afghanistan. Palgrave MacMillan.
Hendricks, C. (2011). Gender and security in Africa: An overview. Retrieved from The Nordic Africa Institute: https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:458594/FULLTEXT01.pdf
Hudson, H. (2005). Doing security as though humans matter: a feminist perspective on gender and the politics of human security. Security Dialogue 36(2), 155-174.https://doi.org/10.1177/0967010605054642
Hudson, V., M., Ballif-Spanvill, B., Caprioli, M., & Emmett, C., F. (2012). Sex and world peace. Columbia University Press.
Miller, B., Pournik, M., & Swaine, A. (2014). Women in Peace and Security through United Nations Security Resolution 1325: Literature Review, Content Analysis of National Action Plans, and Implementation. Retrieved from Institute for Global and International Studies, George Washington University: https://www.peacewomen.org/assets/file/NationalActionPlans/miladpournikanalysisdocs /igis_womeninpeaceandsecuritythroughunsr1325_millerpournikswaine_2014.pdf
Olsson, L., & Gizelis, TI. (2013). An Introduction to UNSCR 1325. International Interactions, 39(4), 425-434. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805327
Runyan, A., S., & Peterson, V., S. (2014). Global gender issues in the new millennium. Taylor and Francis.
Satterthwaite, M., L., & Huckerby, J., C. (Eds.). (2013). Gender, National Security, and Counter-Terrorism: Human Rights Perspectives. Routledge.
Sjoberg, L. (2009). Introduction to security studies: Feminist contributions. Security Studies 18(2), 183-213.https://doi.org/10.1080/09636410902900129
Sjoberg, L. (Eds.). (2010). Gender and International Security: Feminist Perspectives. Critical Security Studies Series. Routledge.
Tickner, J., A. (1992). Gender in International Relations: Feminist Perspectives on achieving global security. Columbia University Press.
Tickner, J., & Sjoberg, L. (2011). Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the Past, Present and Future. Routledge.
Valasek, K. (2008). Gender and Democratic Security Governance. Public Oversight of the Security Sector: A Handbook for Civil Society Organizations. Retrieved from DCAF & UNDP: https://www.dcaf.ch/sites/default/files/publications/documents/CSO_Handbook.pdf
Wibben, A. (2011). Feminist Security Studies: a narrative approach. Routledge.
Willett, S. (2010). Introduction: Security Council Resolution 1325: assessing the impact on women, peace and security. International Peacekeeping 17(2), 142-158. https://doi.org/10.1080/13533311003625043
Williams, P., D. (2012). Security Studies: an introduction. Routledge.
5. Gender and the Workplace
Shafritz, J., Ott, S., & Jang, Y., S. (1992). Classics of Organization Theory. Cengage Learning.
Columbia Engineering (n.d.). Coding Resources for Women at Every Stage of their Career. (US Source) https://bootcamp.cvn.columbia.edu/blog/coding-resources-for-women/
Odierno, G., R., T. (2015). Leader Development and Talent Management. Military Review.
Pletzer, J., L., Nikolova, R., Kedzior, K., K., & Voelpel, S., C. (2015). Does Gender Matter? Female Representation on Corporate Boards and Firm Financial Performance-A Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE, 10(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130005
Rhode, D., L. & Packel, A., K. (2014). Diversity on corporate boards: How much difference does difference make. Delaware Journal of Corporate Law, 39(2), 377-426. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1685615
Schjolset, A. (2013). Data on Women's Participation in NATO Forces and Operations. International Interactions, 39(4):575-587.https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2013.805326
Seierstad, C., & Opsahl, T. (2011). For the few not the many? The effects of affirmative action on presence, prominence, and social capital of women directors in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 27(1), 44-54.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scaman.2010.10.002
Sheehan, M. (2005). International Security: an Analytical Survey. Lynne Rienner Publications.
Torchia, M., & Calabro, A., & Huse, M. (2011). Women directors on corporate boards: From tokenism to critical mass. Journal of Business Ethics, 102(2), 299-317.DOI: 10.1007/s10551-011-0815-z
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