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Mozambique

From 2018-2022

 

Objectives/aims:

1.- Create a favourable environment for the implementation of the legislation on Women, Peace and Security

2.- Integrate a gender perspective in all actions and strategies on conflict prevention and management

3.- Guarantee the participation of women in decision-making structures in peace and security processes

4.- Promote mechanisms to secure increased recruitment, retention and promotion of women indefence and security, and justice bodies

5.- Reinforce the fight against all forms of violence against women and girls in armed and non-armed conflict contexts

6.- Expand efforts for the security, physical and mental health and dignity of women and girls

7.- Secure the rights of women and girls in conflict and post conflict situations.

 

Commentary:

After teny ears of liberation struggles, Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal in 1975. Not long after, the country fell into civil conflict that lasted 16 years. Peace was signed in 1992 with the General Peace accord in Rome, Italy. Nevertheless, the negative impact of the war on the social and economic life of the country has lasted for a long time.

 

CivilSociety:

According to LSE Centre for Women, Peace and Security analysis, Civil Society is mentioned in the Mozambique NAP but the references refer to e.g.  a thank you given on an acknowledgement page. There are no specific details of activity or extent of civil society involvement.

 

Women in Peacekeeping:

Women had an active role in Mozambique’s independence struggle. Later their participationin the promotion of peace, and assistance to war victims, proved to be of vital importance during and after the internal armed conflict. For this reason, Mozambique’s government recognises the need to improve the collection,treatment and analysis of data on women’s participation in peace missions andresolution of conflicts.  The creation of a databank that shows the degree of women’s involvement in the pacification ofthe country and of the nations within and outside Africa is an imperative.

 

Sources:

  1. Mozambique's NAP
  2. LSE Centre for Women, Peace and Security
  3. UN Peacekeeping contributions

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