Military & Defence Forces
Articles & Publications
A Look at Norway’s Approach to Gender-Neutral Conscription
October 22, 2021
In 2015, Norway became the first NATO member and the first European country to introduce compulsory military service for both men and women. Since then, the percentage of women in the Norwegian armed forces has been steadily rising. In 2020, 33% of people who completed the initial compulsory military service were women. However, only a small percentage goes on to seek a career within the armed forces. Contemporary academic literature points to possible reasons for this, central among these are statistics of sexual harassment and bullying within the forces. This article will take a look at the Norwegian forces’ approach to compulsory military service.
Confronting Sexual Harassment and Abuse within SANDF
October 11, 2021
Ministerial Report Addresses Sexual Harassment and Abuse across South Africa's National Defence Force.
Sexual Harassment in the UK Armed Forces
September 4, 2021
This article analyses the findings from recent parliamentary and governmental reports investigating the prevalence of sexual harassment in the UK Armed Forces.
Lack of Diversity in the US National Guard
August 12, 2020
The United States National Guard, with its federal-state dual mandate, plays a unique role within the United States Military...
Can Women Make a Difference?
May 19, 2020
In this article, contrasts are made on considerations of gender in the 5-year plans of South Africa's Department of Defence (DOD) and the South African Police Service (SAPS)
Empathetic Leadership – a Female Super Power
February 25, 2020
As we enter a new year and decade, let us celebrate women by recognizing a special skill that many women have received informal training in, yet do not receive enough credit for. I am referring to empathy, and it is nothing short of a super power that can transform relationships, teams and organizations.
United States Strategy on Women Peace and Security Underestimates Women's Agency
November 12, 2019
The recent United States Strategy on Women, Peace, and Security is a promising first step in implementing the world’s first domestic legislation on the global Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda. Because the Strategy does not go far enough in recognizing women’s agency and participation in security services, we recommend that the departments tasked with implementation of the Strategy pay close attention to: • Recognizing existing women’s advocacy and participation in security and peacebuilding; • Analyzing differences in women’s experiences of conflict and intersecting identities;• Avoiding a narrative that focuses only on women’s victimization; and • Supporting women who are already participating in security services.
'Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military' Book Launch at Georgetown University
November 12, 2019
Dr. Robert Egnell, Dr. Mayesha Alam, and Amb. Melanne Verveer discuss Gender Perspectives and Militarized Masculinities. On 8 November 2019, the Georgetown Institute of Women, Peace, and Security (GIWPS) celebrated the release of the new book ‘Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military’ with a talk by the book’s editors, Dr. Robert Egnell and Dr. Mayesha Alam, moderated by GIWPS Director Ambassador Melanne Verveer.
UK Armed Forces Recruitment Challenge
February 1, 2019
The UK Armed Forces is in the midst of a recruitment crisis – they are experiencing the biggest staffing shortfall in a decade. A National Audit Office report (April 2018) found that there is a staffing deficit of 5.7% (8,200 people), and with recruitment running below target the situation is not likely to resolve itself without immediate action.
U.S. Army's Largest Command Gets Its First Female Commander
October 23, 2018
October 23, 2018: The U.S. Army’s largest command has a new leader — and she’s making history. Lt. Gen. Laura J. Richardson is the first female Commanding General of the U.S. Army Forces Command.
“Women, Peace and Security Conference 2018” Conclusion
October 4, 2018
October 4, 2018: On March 1st, 2018, the 3rd annual “Women, Peace and Security Conference” took place at the Estonian Ministry of Defence. The main topic of the conference introduced and reviewed the UN Security Council Resolution 1325, its impact on women in conflict, the important role women play in resolving conflicts, peace building, as well as the overall work of women peacekeepers in a global and national security framework.
U.S. Army Must Revoke Policies Detrimental to Women
September 3, 2018
September 3, 2018: In a message to members of the Service Women's Action Network (SWAN), CEO Lydia C. Watts sets forth current policies creating obstacles to equality for women in the U.S. Armed Services.
$1.7 Trillion Global Spending on Military in 2017: Highest since End of Cold War
June 8, 2018
June 8, 2018: According to the latest report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), in total, countries around the world spent $ 1.739 billion on arms in 2017. Although there was a marginal increase of 1.1 percent rise in real terms on 2016, the total global spending in 2017 is the highest since the end of the cold war.
The Future of Warfighter Conference, November 2017, London
February 21, 2018
The Future of Warfighter Conference was held by RUSI, Royal United Services Institute on 23 November 2017. The event took place at the Institute`s WhiteHall building. The conference brought together 11 professionals to share their experiences and to debate the future developments of the British Military. This report aims to provide a brief background of speeches and more importantly, to identify the discourse in relation to gender and women`s inclusion in military recruitment.
Mari Skåre, former NATO Secretary General’s Special representative for Women, Peace and Security
September 11, 2017
Mari Skåre, answers questions on NATO’s implementation of UNSCR 1325 in the Alliance and its missions.
From College to Cabinet: Women in US National Security
June 28, 2017
Women in US National SecurityThis report appeared recently on the CNAS (Center for a New American Security) website, written by Katherine Kidder, Amy Schafer, Phillip Carter and Andrew Swick:
The fine line between patronizing and promoting women in defence and security
June 28, 2017
By Virginia Comolli 19 August 2015
Women on the Front Line by Vix Anderton
June 28, 2017
n December 2014, the Ministry of Defence published a review into women in close-combat roles, where individuals on the ground are required to close with and kill the enemy.