Nepal’s first NAP covered the period 2011-2016. There does not appear to have been a more recent NAP, or does it appear a further NAP is in progress.
Objectives/Aims of the 2011-2016 NAP:
The Nepal NAP has the overarching goal: to achieve sustainable peace and just society. This goal is supported by five objectives:
1. Equitable, proportional, and meaningful participation of women at all levels of decision-making of the conflict transformation and peace-building process.
2. Protection of women’s and girls’ rights and prevention of the violation of these rights in pre-conflict, during conflict and post-conflict situations.
3. Promotion of the rights of women and girls and mainstreaming gender perspectives in all aspects and stages of conflict transformation and peace-building processes.
4. Ensure the direct and meaningful participation of conflict-affected women in the formulation and implementation of relief, recovery and rehabilitation programmes , and addressing of the specific needs of women and girls.
5. Institutionalise the monitoring and evaluation system, and ensure the required resources for the implementation of the National Action Plan through collaboration and co-ordination of all stakeholders.
Women and girls in Nepal have been most affected by the long-standing armed confict that took place between the state and the then Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) from 1996-2006, and the transition period after that. Many of those who experienced gender based violence are still suffering from social stigma. The country has yet to implement robust transitional justice mechanisms, and therefore a key part of its response to the WPS agenda has been to create post-conflict truth-telling and prosecutorial processes. Within these, a gender-sensitive approach has been included as one aspect of the broader peace process. While post-conflict reconciliation has been a slow process, Nepal’s NAP has also been positively influenced by the country’s experience with conflict.
Civil society organizations played an important role in drafting Nepal’s NAP. They have also been key in the post-conflict peace-building process, and their voices are regarded as an essential and natural component of any effort to gender-mainstream Nepal’s peace-building process. This is especially true in the Relief and Recovery section of the NAP, which recognizes where civil society already has the capacity to respond to the gendered needs of women in conflict.
UN Peacekeeping statistics:
Nepal has been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping personnel. In May 2023 Nepal contributed the following military and police:
Women’s Role in Peacekeeping:
As can be seen from the above table, women were well represented at senior levels of experts, police and staff officers, but less well represented among UN peacekeeping troops.
Nepal WPS National Action Plan 2011-2016: Nepal-NAP-2011-2016.pdf (gnwp.org)
United Nations Peacekeeping. (May 2023): Troop and police contributors | United Nations Peacekeeping
Contribution of Uniformed Personnel to UN by Country, Mission, and Personnel Type (May 2023): 05-Missions Detailed By Country