1. Equitable, proportional, and meaningful participation of women in decision-making regarding conflict and peace-building.
  2. Protecting women’s rights and preventing the violation of these rights during and after conflict. 
  3. Promoting the rights of women and girls by mainstreaming gender perspectives into the peace-building process.
  4. Relief and recovery play a key role in recognizing the gendered needs of women post-conflict and also critical axis along which to include women’s advocacy and voices.


Nepal’s NAP is specifically informed by its decade-long conflict, ending in 2006. The country has yet to implement robust transitional justice mechanisms, and therefore a key part of its response to the WPS agenda is to create post-conflict truth-telling and prosecutorial processes. Within these, a gender-sensitive approach can be included as one aspect of a broader peace process. While post-conflict reconciliation has been a slow process, Nepal’s NAP has also been positively influenced by the country’s experience with conflict. The first section of the plan is a detailed examination of the gendered impact of their conflict, as well as a recognition that there was insufficient women’s participation in their peace process following 2006 and identifying key landmarks in post-conflict legislation that were important in recognizing women’s rights. Nepal’s experience with conflict creates a backdrop where meaningful progress towards domestic implementation of the WPS agenda can be realized by incorporating context-specific lessons.

Civil Society:

Civil society organizations played an important role in drafting Nepal’s NAP. They have also been key in the post-conflict peace-building process, and therefore their voices are a natural component of any effort to gender-mainstream Nepal’s peace-building process. This is especially true in the Relief and Recovery section of the NAP, which recognizes where civil society already has the capacity to respond to the gendered needs of women in conflict.

Peacekeeping statistics:

Police: 56 of 547

Staff Officers: 14 of 151

Experts on Mission: 8 of 42

Troops: 161 out of 4940




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