GHANA  

Plan (created in 2010) launched in 2012 for 2012-2014


Objectives/Aims:
• Increase the participation of women in the promotion of peace and the resolution of conflicts in particular by supporting local peace initiatives of women.
• Prevent gender-based violence and protect the needs and rights of women and girls within the scope of Peace Missions, humanitarian operations, positions in the international UN and African and Regional and sub-regional organizations.
• Ensure a coherent approach to the implementation of 1325 and to promote a gender perspective in Peace and Security.
• Link the implementation of Resolution 1325 to the National Constitution, International and Regional instruments such as Beijing Platform for Action, the CEDAW Convention and Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, among others.
• Review national security and defence sector policies to ensure alignment with global and national commitments to gender equality.
• Evaluate all training materials to ensure that a gender perspective is incorporated.
• Review conditions of service for peace-keepers to ensure that specific requirements for women such as clothing, equipment, monthly suppliers and separate facilities are addressed.
• Establish a minimum target for deployment of women to peace-keeping.
• Establish gender units within Ministries of Defence, and Interior to, among other things  oversee the recruitment and deployment of women to peacekeeping.

Commentary:
Even though Ghanaian NAP has been central to address aforementioned objectives for future acts, Ghana has not launched a National Action Plan after 2012. Recently, the country has not experienced any major regional conflicts and political upheavals. However, there is still a need for further implementation of new NAPs to increase the meaningful participation of women in security and to advance women`s rights.

Civil Society:
The effective implementation of GHANAP (2012-2014) in WPS agenda has required the active participation of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) along with other key stakeholders, including Ministries, Department and Agencies (MDAs), and Development Partners. Throughout the process, the Women Peace and Security Network Africa (WIPSEN-Africa) and the Women Peacemakers Program of the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WPP/WANEP) as the leading women`s organizations have actively cooperated with the Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs for the implementation of Resolution 1325.

Women in Peacekeeping:
Ghana is participating in the protection of international Peace and Security by contributing troops to different peace support and peacekeeping operations. The current UN Peacekeeping data (2017) reveals that the total number of female  personnel is 312 which corresponds to 11.65 percent of the Ghanaian Peacekeeping forces operating in the world. In this regard, the country`s NAP (2012) included particular objectives and policy recommendations regarding recruitment and deployment of women to peacekeeping.

UN Peacekeeping Statistics:

Troops: 174 of 1572

Police: 101 of 359

Staff Officers: 18 of 82

Experts on Mission: 13 of 42

Sources:
Ghana National Action Plan (2010)
UN Peacekeeping (2017)
PeaceWomen (n.d)

References:

Government of Ghana (2010). Ghana National Action Plan for the Implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 On Women Peace and Security (GHANAP 1325). Minister for Women and Children’s Affairs, pp.1-35.

PeaceWomen (n.d.). National Action Plan: Ghana. [online] Peacewomen.org. Available at: http://www.peacewomen.org/peacewomen.org/nap-ghana [Accessed 9 Feb. 2018].

UN Peacekeeping (2017). Summary of Contributions to UN Peacekeeping by Country and Post. [online] Peacekeeping.un.org. Available at: http://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/summary_of_contributions_to_un_peacekeeping_by_country_and_post.pdf [Accessed 9 Feb. 2018].

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