AUSTRALIA  

Plan launched in 2012 for 2012-2018. Second plan expected to be published in 2019.

Objectives/Aims:
• Articulate Australia’s ongoing commitment to implement UNSCR 1325 and the broader UN Security Council Women, Peace and Security agenda.
• Establish a clear framework for a coordinated, whole of government approach to implementing UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions.
• Identify strategies and actions that Australia will undertake both domestically and overseas to implement UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions, and measure the effectiveness of this work over a six-year period from 2012–2018.
• Highlight the important work that Australia is doing in partnership with the international community to respond to women’s needs, recognise their roles, promote equal participation, and protect women and girls’ human rights in fragile, conflict and post-conflict settings.

Commentary:
Since the country has not experienced any recent armed conflict and external threats, Australian NAP predominantly focuses on external affairs. Australia has supported the full implementation of UNSCR 1325 since its adoption in 2000 and was a co-sponsor of UNSCR 1820 in 2008, UNSCRs 1888 and 1889 in 2009, and UNSCR 1960 in 2010. The country has demonstrated its commitment to implementating a the resolutions and its NAP in order to integrate a gender perspective into peace and security efforts, protect women and girls’ human rights and promote their participation in conflict prevention and management.

Civil Society:
Australian women have traditionally been a part of civil society with the objective of defending peace in the country. In this vein, non-governmental organizations have played a paramount role in the preparation of the Australian NAP with special funding provided by the government. According to data, approximately 90 grassroots and national organizations participated in  all the processes, - the consultations, the formation, the implementation and further monitoring of NAP.

Women in Peacekeeping:
Although Australia strongly advocates the women`s equal participation and full involvement in UN peacekeeping operations, women remain under represented in Australian deployments to peacebuilding missions. To illustrate, Australian Federal Police (AFP) and Australian Defence Force (ADF) provided peacebuilding support to the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) operations in between 2003 and 2017, approximately 18 percent were women. However, Australia`s constructive and positive attitude towards issue encourages more women to be a part of security-based roles in peacekeeping and peacebuilding activities in the near future.

UN Peacekeeping Statistics:

Officers: 8 out of 22

Experts: 1 out of 14

Sources:
Australian National Action Plan (2012)

UN Peacekeeping (2017)

PeaceWomen (n.d)

References:
Australian Government (2012). Australian National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security 2012–2018. Australian Government Office for Women at UNSCR1325, pp.1-64.

PeaceWomen (n.d.). National Action Plan: Australia. [online] Peacewomen.org. Available at: http://www.peacewomen.org/nap-australia [Accessed 9 Feb. 2018].

UN Peacekeeping (2017). Summary of Contributions to UN Peacekeeping by Country and Post. [online] Peacekeeping.un.org. Available at: http://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/summary_of_contributions_to_un_peacekeeping_by_country_and_post.pdf [Accessed 9 Feb. 2018].

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