What is Cyber-security?
“Increasingly we are relying on the internet for our day to day lives, things like our cars are becoming connected, and even fridges are becoming connected, so we are connecting together and connecting to the internet all the time. However, we need to protect all the information we put on there and how we operate on-line” Helen L, National Cyber-security Centre, GCHQ
Cyber-security refers to the technologies, processes, and practices designed to protect networks, devices, programs, and data from attack, damage, or unauthorized access. Attacks can be at an individual personal level or right up to National State level. They are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes. Cyber-security is important because government, military, corporate, financial, and medical organizations collect, process, and store unprecedented amounts of sensitive data on computers and other devices.
Cyber-security is a fast growing career field with an estimated 1 million unfilled cyber-security jobs worldwide. Women only make up 11% of the current cyber-security workforce, according to the 2017 Global Information Security Workforce Study. With the significant rise of daily cyber threats and attacks, this is a significant opportunity for women to enter the field given the severe labor shortages and under-representation of women. Cyber-security is no longer just a technology issue, it is a business one too. Women are welcome from different career sectors and diverse backgrounds.
According to the Women’s Society of Cyberjutsu (WSC), quoted in Forbes,
“50% of professional occupations in the U.S. are held by women, and …… 25% of computing occupations in the U.S. are held by women. That leaves tremendous headroom for women to enter the fast-growing cyber-security market, which is expected to grow from $75 billion in 2015 to $170 billion by 2020."
Job roles in Cyber-security:
- Security Analyst
- Security Architect
- Security Engineer
- Security Administrator
- Security Consultant
- Chief Information Security Officer
Common types of cyber-security threats:
Ransomware - a type of malicious software designed to extort money by blocking access to files or a computer system until the ransom is paid.
Malware - a type of software designed to gain unauthorized access or to cause damage to a computer system.
Social engineering - a tactic that is used to trick users into revealing sensitive information. They can solicit a monetary payment or gain access to your confidential data. Social engineering can be combined with any of the threats listed above to make you more likely to click on links, download malware, or trust a malicious source.
Phishing – attackers send fraudulent emails or text or copycat websites from reputable sources. The aim is to steal valuable personal information like credit card numbers, social security numbers, account numbers and login IDs and passwords. It’s the most common type of cyber-attack.
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Over 1,300 Women Gather at Women in CyberSecurity Conference in Pittsburgh
April 17, 2019: The Women in CyberSecurity conference boasted a record high attendance while implementing new activities and programs for participants.
Representation Of Women In The Cybersecurity Workforce Is Recalculated To 20 Percent
March 31, 2019: Cybersecurity Ventures predicts that women will represent more than 20 percent of the global cybersecurity workforce by the end of 2019, compared with fewer than 11% just five years ago.
IBM Just Appointed the First African-American Woman to Command a US Navy Ship to its Board
March 24, 2019: IBM appointed Admiral Michelle J. Howard, the first African American woman to command a U.S. Navy ship, to its board, the company announced recently. A former U.S. Navy officer, Howard was the first woman to become a 4-star admiral in addition to becoming the first African-American woman to command a U.S. Navy ship, according to IBM’s announcement.