Philippines

Plan launched first in 2009, second in 2017  

Objectives/Aims
• Protection and Prevention: To ensure the protection of women’s human rights and prevention of violation of these rights in armed conflict and post-conflict situations
• Empowerment and Participation: To empower women and ensure their active and meaningful participation in areas of peacebuilding, peacekeeping, conflict prevention, conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction
• Promotion and Mainstreaming: To promote and mainstream gender perspective in all aspects of conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peacebuilding
• Capacity Development, Monitoring and Reporting: To institutionalize a system to monitor, evaluate and report on the implementation of the NAP in order to enhance accountability for successful implementation and the achievement of its goals.

Commentary:
Even though women in the Philippines  experience relative equality, there is still high-level gender discrimination and inequality including domestic violence, abuse and human trafficking. Republic of Philippines collaborates with existing governmental departments and civil society actors to empower women and tackle these issues. Furthermore, the Philippines was the first country in Asia to develop a NAP.

Civil Society:
As stated in the first Philippine NAP, "NGOs and civil society are an integral part of peace building and they play a constructive and supportive role in integrating and mainstreaming gender perspectives in peace through the provisions of UN Resolution 1325 into their campaigns, advocacy, programs and projects. Through their critical participation in the implementation on this resolution, their programs and peace building will be further enhanced. They also play a strategic role in documenting, reporting and monitoring incidences of gender–based and sexual violence against women and girls during and after armed conflict."

Women in Peacekeeping:
The second Philippine NAP particularly aims to have increased the number of women participating in international committees and inter-state initiatives such as UN Peacekeeping and attaches importance to roles of women in peacebuilding, specifically in relation to UNSCR 1325. The country’s current statistics suggest that female officers will constitute the majority of the forces in reference to UN Peacekeeping by 2018.


UN Peacekeeping Statistics:

Police: 15 of 24

Experts on Mission: 5 of 11

Sources:
Philippines National Action Plan (2009)
Philippines Revised National Action Plan (2017)
UN Peacekeeping (2018)
Peace Women (n.d)

References:
Republic of Philippines (2009), The Philippine National Action Plan un UNSCRS 1325 & 1820: 2010-2016. pp1-23.

Republic of Philippines (2017), The National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (NAPWPS), 2017-2022. pp.1-32.

PeaceWomen (n.d.). National Action Plan: Philippines. [online] Peacewomen.org. Available at: https://www.peacewomen.org/nap-philippines [Accessed 05 Oct. 2018].

UN Peacekeeping (2018). Summary of Contributions to UN Peacekeeping by Country and Post. [online] Peacekeeping.un.org. Available at: https://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/5.pdf  [Accessed 05 Oct. 2018].

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