Chile

Plan launched first in 2009, second in 2015

Objectives/Aims:
• Prevention: To promote mainstreaming of a gender perspective in all peacebuilding, maintenance and consolidation activities.
• Participation: To promote women’s participation in peace operations, according to UNSCR 1325 as a system.
• Protection: To promote, generate and expand measures to guarantee the protection of women and girls' rights in peace operations within conflict and post-conflict zones.
• Relief and Recovery: To strengthen international humanitarian response abilities in relation to women, girls and civilians in general.

Commentary:
Chile's second Action Plan reaffirms their commitment to the WPS agenda and the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Chile actively contributes to the UN's peacekeeping operations in its interests to achieve gender equity and international peace and security. It has also led Latin American countries in its commitment to the matter, not only by being the first in the region to prepare a domestic Action Plan, but also in updating it, too.

Civil Society:
In implementing this second Action Plan, it was apparent that the link between international organisations and Civil Society playing a central role in these matters should continue. Women in Peacekeeping  is mentioned as a proposed activity to ensure the participation of women to devise measures to promote the involvement of women in peace operations as well as to carry out campaigns; however, nothing explicit or concrete has been devised to monitor the recruitment and deployment of women.

Women in Peacekeeping:
Chile is an active contributor to the United Nations’ Peacekeeping Missions, including in Haiti (MINIJUSTH), in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), in Jerusalem (UNTSO), in Cyprus (UNFICYP) and Colombia (UNVMC). Whilst women’s participation in peacebuilding in Chile is limited, at a local level there are a number of important initiatives led by civil society that are gradually increasing women’s role in peacebuilding at a micro level.


UN Peacekeeping Statistics:

Troops: 0 out of 12

Experts on Mission: 1 out of 13

Police Officers: 2 out of 5

Sources:
Chile National Action Plan (2009)
Chile Revised National Action Plan (2015)
UN Peacekeeping (2018)
PeaceWomen (n.d)


References:
Government of Chile (2009). National Action Plan Implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution No.1325/2000. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defense and Women’s National Service.  pp.1-27.

Government of Chile (2015). The National Action Plan of Chile for the 2015-2018. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defense and Women’s National Service. pp.1-21.

PeaceWomen (n.d.). National Action Plan: Chile. [online] Peacewomen.org. Available at: https://www.peacewomen.org/nap-chile [Accessed 25 Sep. 2018].

UN Peacekeeping (2018). Summary of Contributions to UN Peacekeeping by Country and Post. [online] Peacekeeping.un.org. Available at: https://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/5.pdf  [Accessed 25 Sep. 2018].

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