United States of America

Plan launched 2016

Objectives/Aims

1. National Integration and Institutionalization: The United States Government will institutionalize a gender-responsive approach to its diplomatic, development, and defense-related work in conflict-affected environments.                                                                                                                                                 
 

2. Participation in Peace Processes and Decision-making: Promoting and
 strengthening women's rights and effective leadership and substantive
 participation in peace processes, conflict prevention, peacebuilding,
 transitional processes, and decision-making institutions in conflict-affected
 environments.                                                                                                              
 

3. Protection from Violence: Strengthen its efforts to prevent and
 protect women and girls from harm, exploitation, discrimination, and abuse,
 including gender-based violence and trafficking in persons, and to hold
 perpetrators accountable in conflict-affected environments.                                                                                                                                         

4. Conflict Prevention: Promote women's roles in preventing conflict,
 mass atrocities, and violent extremism, including by improving conflict
 early-warning and response systems through the integration of gender perspectives,                                                                                                                          

5. Access to Relief and Recovery: Respond to the distinct needs of
 women and girls in both natural and conflict-affected disasters and crises,
 including by providing safe, equitable access to humanitarian assistance.

Commentary

The U.S. National Action Plan focuses largely on gender integration, equality and empowerment in peace and security. While men and women tend to share the same legal status and rights in the U.S., they are aware that this is not a universal trend, hence a large focus overseas. They helped to draft three of the related resolutions to 1325, demonstrating a commitment to the agenda.                                                                     
 

However, with recent actions including a firmer approach on the 'Global Gag' rule and pulling out of the Paris climate agreement, these may have unintended consequences for women and girls' security worldwide, particularly as USAID plays a particularly large role in International Development through investing in women and girls' health, education, and economic opportunity to create conditions for stable societies and lasting peace.              

Civil society

Support the capacity building for actors including women in civil society, the security sector, female candidates and members of government. Civil Society organisations are also supported in addressing gender-based violence, so that there is an appropriate follow-up of such complaints, as well as to prevent human trafficking, especially among refugees and internally displaced persons. The development of the plan included support from civil society actors. 

Women in Peacekeeping

Improving the recruitment and retention of women, which includes "minorities and other historically marginalised women, into government ministries and the incorporation of women’s perspectives into peace and security policy."  This includes both political participation, such as more female representation in decision-making roles, as well as "the participation of female U.S. military personnel to encourage and model gender integration and reach out to female and male populations in partner nations." Also, "the United States Government has advanced the substantive participation of more than 60,000 women in peace-building processes in more than 20 countries through USAID programs designed to enhance women’s leadership roles and address practical and strategic barriers to participation". 

UN Peacekeeping Statistics

Female Police officers: 0 out of 4                            

Female Experts on Mission: 0 out of 4

Female Staff Officers: 3 out of 26

Sources

1.U.S. NAP                       2. UN-Peacekeeping Contributions

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